According to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) secretariat, the overwhelming direct cause of deforestation is agriculture [1,2], in fact, tropical forests are diminishing in extent due primarily to the rapid expansion of agriculture . In a general perspective:
- Subsistence farming is responsible for 48% of Deforestation;
- commercial agriculture is responsible for 32% of deforestation;
- logging is responsible for 14% of deforestation and
- fuel wood removals make up 5% of deforestation [1,2].
The problem didn't go unnoticed by the United Nation's Program for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+), who built an ambitious plan aiming to reduce the 20% contribution to global emissions of greenhouse gases from the forest sector, offering a financial value of the carbon stored in forests as an incentive for local communities. Image: Deforestation by crustmania under Creative Common license (CC BY 2.0).