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Health benefits of black plums

HEALTH BENEFITS

EUGENIA JAMBOLANA

Also known as Syzygium jambolanum, Eugenia cumini and Eugenia jambolana [2], black plum is a sweet fruit, rich in potassium, magnesium and phosphorus, that is also known for its many medicinal uses, some of them as important as the anti-cancer and antiviral benefits that its extracts have exerted in some clinical trials and studies.

Eugenia jambolana seeds were used in Ayurvedic treatments to treat diabetic problems, and that's only the beginning, the medicinal uses of black plum fruit and its seeds go beyond, let's see some of them. Image left: See credits below [12].


EUGENIA JAMBOLANA

Family: Myrtaceae

Genus: Syzygium

Common name: Jambu, Syzygium cumini, Naval pazham, Neredupandu, Jamblang, Jambolan, Jambula, Black Plum, jamun, Damson Plum, Duhat Plum, Jambolan Plum, Java Plum, Portuguese Plum, Syzygium jambolanum, Eugenia cumini and Eugenia jambolana [2].


 

STUDIES AND CLINICAL TRIALS


Studies and clinical trials have shown how effective can black plum be for the treatment of diabetes mellitus [4], inflammation, ulcers and diarrhea, dysentery [3] [8] possessing also:

  • anti-neoplastic,
  • chemopreventive and 
  • radio-protective properties [1].

It has showed strong anti-bacterial properties, showing evidence that traditional methods claiming the use of black plum as an anti-bacterial agent have now some scientific evidence proving they were truth [3].

 

BLACK PLUMS AND ANTHOCYANINS


The anthocyanins, one of the active constituents found in black plum, is the pigment responsible for the red color and one of the reasons why black plum has also so many health benefits.

Some of these anthocyanins include delphinidin, cyanidin, petunidin, peonidin, and malvidin [6]. Anthocyanins beneficial effects can certainly be attributed to their powerful antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activity.

 


BLACK PLUM PROPERTIES


 

BLACK PLUM AND BREAST CANCER


And last but not least, black plum extract inhibited and induces apoptosis of human breast cancer but not towards the normal MCF-10A breast cells [7], with which we can say Eugenia jambolana can be considered another potential natural remedy to help our fight against breast cancer.

BLACK PLUM

 

BLACK PLUM ANTI-CANCER PROPERTIES


But the effectiveness of Syzygium jambolana (black plum), is not limited to breast cancer, other pre-clinical studies showed how black plum was able to exert other anti-neoplastic, chemopreventive and radioprotective properties [8].

 

EUGENIA JAMBOLANA EXTRACT AND SEED EXTRACTS FOR GASTRIC ULCERATION


The effects of Eugenia jambolana extracts in gastric ulceration have been studied in rats, mainly with the purpose of investigating if the claims that these extracts have a certain human digestive system protective effect were certain or not.

Among some of the studies done we can mention that at least one indicated the Eugenia jambolana exerted gastroprotective properties promoting mucosal defensive factors and antioxidant status and decreasing lipid peroxidation [8].

In a similar study, also performed on rats, Eugenia jambolana extract was proven to be effective in reversing the delayed healing of gastric ulcer [10].

These anti-oxidative effects from Eugenia jambolana seed extract are a consequence of the high content of flavonoids found in Eugenia jambolana seed extracts [9].

Disclaimer: The information presented on this website is not intended to prescribe or give in any way or form medical advice, recommend or diagnose. Please read the disclaimer at the button of this page for more info.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Anticancer, chemopreventive and radio-protective potential of black plum (eugenia jambolana lam.). Baliga MS. Research and Development, Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
[2] Wikipedia
[3] Activity of Eugenia jambolana, an ethnomedical plant, against drug-resistant bacteria. Jasmine R, Selvakumar BN, Daisy P, Ignacimuthu S. Department of Biotechnology, Holy Cross College, Tiruchirappalli, India.
[4] Indigenous drugs in ischemic heart disease in patients with diabetes. Dwivedi S, Aggarwal A. Department of Medicine/Preventive Cardiology, University College of Medical Sciences, University of Delhi and GTB Hospital, Delhi, India.
[5] Structure of anthocyanins from Eugenia jambolana fruit. Li L, Zhang Y, Seeram NP. Bioactive Botanical Research Laboratory, Department of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Science College of Pharmacy, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA.
[6] Structure of anthocyanins from Eugenia jambolana fruit. Li L, Zhang Y, Seeram NP. Bioactive Botanical Research Laboratory, Department of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Science College of Pharmacy, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA.
[7] Eugenia jambolana Lam. berry extract inhibits growth and induces apoptosis of human breast cancer but not nontumorigenic breast cells. Li L, Adams LS, Chen S, Killian C, Ahmed A, Seeram NP. Department of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Bioactive Botanical Research Laboratory, College of Pharmacy, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island, USA.
[8] Effect of ethanolic extract of Eugenia jambolana seeds on gastric ulceration and secretion in rats. Chaturvedi A, Kumar MM, Bhawani G, Chaturvedi H, Kumar M, Goel RK. Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.
[9] Standardized Flavonoid-Rich Eugenia jambolana Seed Extract Retards In Vitro and In Vivo LDL Oxidation and Expression of VCAM-1 and P-Selectin in Atherogenic Rats. Jadeja RN, Thouaojam MC, Sankhari JM, Jain M, Devkar RV, Ramachandran AV. Division of Phytotherapeutics and Metabolic Endocrinology, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, The M. S. University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat, 390002, India.
[10] Ulcer healing properties of ethanolic extract of Eugenia jambolana seed in diabetic rats: study on gastric mucosal defensive factors. Chaturvedi A, Bhawani G, Agarwal PK, Goel S, Singh A, Goel RK. Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005.
[11] Plant names in other languages: Porcher Michel H. et al. 1995 - 2020, Sorting Origanum Names. Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database - A Work in Progress. Institute of Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. Australia. < http://www.plantnames.unimelb.edu.au/Sorting/Origanum.html > (2007).
[12] Pixibay image under Public Domain License CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).