Couroupita guianensis, a plant from the Lecythidaceae family commonly known as Ayahuma or Cannonball tree, is distributed in the tropical regions of northern South America and Southern Caribbean . The evergreen tree is allied to the Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa) , and it is known as Cannonball tree because of its brown canon-ball-like fruits (see right image at the end of this article). The tree is quite common in India, where you can find it in places as Rajpipla, in Gujarat, a state in northwestern India, with four trees in the Indrajit-Padmini Mahal, better known as Vadia .
Among the many medicinal properties that this plant exerts we can mention its use to treat hypertension, tumours, pain, inflammatory processes, cold, stomach ache, skin diseases, malaria, wounds and toothache . Image left: Cannonball tree flower by Steven Brewer under Creative Commons license (CC BY-SA 2.0).
Common name: Ayahuma, Cannonball Tree, Brazil nut, নাগকেশর, Nagakeshar, নাগালিংগম, Nagalingam.