Citrullus colocynthis, also known as colocynth, bitter apple, bitter cucumber, desert gourd, egusi, or vine of Sodom , is a plant that grows in tropical areas of the globe, but that can also be found in other places as in the desert areas of Sindh and Punjab province of Pakistan , or in the south, center, and east areas of Iran, where it is recognized by different pharmacologic activities, as i.e. its purgative, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, analgesic, hair growth-promoting, abortifacient and antiepileptic properties, being some of them confirmed in modern phytotherapy .
Not as known as its brother specie, Citrullus lanatus or water melon, Citrullus colocynthis also shares certain analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties observed in lanatus specie . Image left: Coloquintes by Frédérique PANASSAC under Creative Commons License (CC BY-SA 2.0).
Common name: Colocynth, bitter apple, bitter cucumber, desert gourd, egusi, or vine of Sodom .