Annato or Achiote (Bixa orellana), is a shrub native to tropical areas of America which names derives from the name given to this shrub in the Aztecan dialect Nahuatl.
Achiote is mainly known for being the source of the Annatto, also known as roucou, a carotenoid-based food colorant used very broadly, specially in the United States, where its comerciallization doesn't required certification due to the fact that it is considered a natural colorant [3,4]. The main carotenoid detected in annatto seeds is bixin , a carotenoid soluble in fats but not in water. Image: Bixa by Malcolm Manners under Creative Common license (CC BY 2.0).
Common names: Achiote, Annato, Aploppas