Health benefits of Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)
Chive health benefits
Chives (Allium schoenoprasum) is the smallest herb of the Allium genus, where we can also find garlic (Allium sativum) and onions (Allium cepa) among many others. In fact, the name Chives derives from the Latin name for Onion, cepa .
It is believed in the popular culture that Chives was first found by the explorer Marco polo in one of his trips to China, where it has been used for more than 4000 years ago, and from where he brought it to Europe later on, becoming one of the four herbs, together with parsley (Petroselinum hortense), tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus) and chervil (Anthriscus cerefolium), that forms the so-called "Fines herbes" combination [1,2,3], a mixture of fresh cut herbs used in many traditional Mediterranean dishes and part of the Mediterranean diet about which so much has been written. Chives are still used in the Chinese gastronomy, where we can find them as part of the well-known stir-fries and soups. Chives in Hindi is known as प्याज़, and chives in Chinese is known as 韭菜.
Chives contains several antioxidant enzymes, namely superoxide dismutase, catalase, peroxidase, glutathione peroxidase malonyldialdehyde, chlorophylls a and b, carotenoids, vitamin C, flavonoids, glutathione  and alliin. The compound Allicin is produced enzymatically from alliin, found in the aerial parts of the Chives . The flowers' phenolic compounds inhibited cell
proliferation significantly .
The properties and characteristics of Allium schoenoprasum (Chives), namely its anti-cancer, antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-fungal, antiviral and are mainly due to the high amount of active constituents exerting those properties found in chives, mainly Allicin (produced from Alliin), flavonoids, carotenoids, phenolic compounds...etc.
All organs of Allium schoenoprasum (bulb, leaf and stalk), exhibited antioxidant activity in studies performed on this plant, being the highest amount of antioxidants found in the leaves . The highest antioxidant activity was observed in the leaves .
CHIVES ANTIBACTERIAL AND ANTI-FUNGAL PROPERTIES
Among the list of active constituents found in Chives, there is one that deserves special attention, mainly due to its antibacterial and anti-fungal properties, Allicin. Allicin, which is not a natural active constituent of Chives, is naturally produced by our bodies enzymes after Chives is digested. It is enzymatically produced in less than six seconds  by the action of Alliinase, the enzyme that converts Alliin into Allicin.
Allicin is a well-known antibacterial and anti-fungal agent found in Allium species, that has also exerted anticancer (anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic activities) , as well as antibiotic effects . In studies done on murine models  allicin was effectively in inhibiting the proliferation of EL-4 cells in vitro.
Some studies suggest an additional hypocholesterolemic efficacy, or the ability to lower bad cholesterol LDL levels to Allicin . It seems that this property is exerted by garlic supplements due to the presence of allicin on those ones being the effect directly proportional to the amount of allicin present in the used extracts.
Another study on the subject, this time using mice for the clinical tests, showed how allicin was able to reduce the formation of fatty streaks (atherosclerosis) in hyperlipidemic mice .
Chives is a great condiment, and as we already mentioned it belongs to the "Fines herbes" combination with which so many recipes and traditional dishes have been prepared. Have a look at some of them.
1. Steak Diane.
If there is one recipe among the ones using Chives that I like is
Steak Diane, not only because it contains chives, but also parsley and many other beneficial herbs, additionally it has a delicious taste to fresh cut herbs and spices. You can find the recipe here.
2. Lemon chive rice.
A rice recipe that can surprise you. Lemon chive rice contains as ingredients some of our top favorite and most healthy ones, as Curcumin (good against Alzheimer's and neurodegenerative diseases), onions, rich in Alliin that once digested will be converted in Allicin, about which we already mentioned some health benefits and some others. Have a look here if you are interested.
If you know any other recipes using Chives please comment on the blog and we will publish them.
 Allium schoenoprasum L., as a natural antioxidant. Stajner D, Canadanovic-Brunet J, Pavlovic A. Faculty of Agriculture, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovica 8, 21000 Novi Sad, Yugoslavia.
 Phenolic compounds from Allium schoenoprasum, Tragopogon pratensis and Rumexacetosa and their antiproliferative effects. Kucekova Z, Mlcek J, Humpolicek P, Rop O, Valasek P, Saha P. Polymer Centre, Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University at Zlin, 76272 Zlin, Czech Republic.
 Julia Child, Mastering the Art of French Cooking vol. I p 18.
 Wikipedia article on Fine herbs under CC License..
 Le Cordon Bleu Cuisine Foundations By Le Cordon Bleu.
 Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary by C. P. Khare
 Allicin induces apoptosis in EL-4 cells in vitro by activation of expression of caspase-3 and -12 and up-regulation of the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2. Wang Z, Liu Z, Cao Z, Li L. a School of Life Sciences , Lanzhou University , Lanzhou 730000 , PR China.
 Herbs by Lesley Bremness.
 Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary by C. P. Khare.
 Wikipedia article on Chives under CC License.
 Hypocholesterolemic effect of an enteric-coated garlic supplement.
Kannar D, Wattanapenpaiboon N, Savige GS, Wahlqvist ML.
Department of Medicine, Monash Medical Centre, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
 Allicin-induced decrease in formation of fatty streaks (atherosclerosis) in mice fed a cholesterol-rich diet.
Abramovitz D, Gavri S, Harats D, Levkovitz H, Mirelman D, Miron T, Eilat-Adar S, Rabinkov A, Wilchek M, Eldar M, Vered Z.
Neufeld Cardiovascular Research Institute, Tel Hashomer, Israel.
- Tags: ALLICIN, ALLICIN IN ONIONS AND GARLIC, ALLIIN, ALLIUM SCHOENOPRASUM (CHIVES) ACTIVE CONSTITUENTS, ALLIUM SCHOENOPRASUM (CHIVES) ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES, ALLIUM SCHOENOPRASUM CHIVES, ANSJOS, ANTIOXIDANT ENZYMES, ARPAGIC, ASK CHIVES, BENEFITS OF CHIVES, BIESLOOK, BUY CHIVES, CALORIES IN CHIVES, CARING FOR CHIVES, CHICKEN CHIVES, CHINESE CHIVES, CHINESE CHIVES DUMPLING, CHINESE CHIVES SEEDS, CHINESE GARLIC CHIVES, CHIVES, CHIVES ALLIUM SCHOENOPRASUM, CHIVES ANTIBACTERIAL AND ANTI-FUNGAL PROPERTIES, CHIVES BENEFITS, CHIVES CARE, CHIVES COMMON, CHIVES CULTIVATION, CHIVES DE GUADALAJARA, CHIVES FACTS, CHIVES GARDEN, CHIVES GARLIC, CHIVES GROWING, CHIVES HEALTH BENEFITS, CHIVES IN CHINESE, CHIVES IN FRENCH, CHIVES IN HINDI, CHIVES IN MALAY, CHIVES IN SPANISH, CHIVES MEDICINAL USES, CHIVES PERENNIAL, CHIVES PICTURE, CHIVES PICTURES, CHIVES PLANT, CHIVES PLANTING, CHIVES PLANTS, CHIVES PRICE, CHIVES PROPERTIES, CHIVES RECIPES, CHIVES ROXBY DOWNS, CHIVES SCIENTIFIC NAME, CHIVES SEED, CHIVES SEEDS, CHIVES SUBSTITUTE, CHIVES TO LOWER CHOLESTEROL LEVELS, CHIVES TRANSLATION, CHIVES USES, CHIVES WIKI, CHIVES(ЧАЈВС), CIBOULETTE, COMPANION PLANTING CHIVES, COOKING WITH CHIVES, CURLY CHIVES, CUTTING CHIVES, DRIED CHIVES, DRY CHIVES, DRYING CHIVES, ERBA CIPOLLINA, FREEZE CHIVES, FREEZE DRIED CHIVES, FREEZING CHIVES, FRENK SOĞANI, FRESH CHIVES RECIPES, GARDEN CHIVES, GARDENING CHIVES, GARLIC CHIVES, GARLIC CHIVES GROWING, GARLIC CHIVES PLANT, GARLIC CHIVES RECIPE, GARLIC CHIVES RECIPES, GARLIC CHIVES SEEDS, GRÄSLÖK, GRASUIE, GROW CHIVES, GROW CHIVES INDOORS, GROW GARLIC CHIVES, GROWING CHIVES, GROWING CHIVES IN A POT, GROWING CHIVES IN POTS, GROWING CHIVES INDOORS, GROWING CHIVES OUTDOORS, GROWING GARLIC CHIVES, HARVESTING CHIVES, HEALTH BENEFITS, HEALTH BENEFITS OF CHIVES, HEALTH BENEFITS OF CHIVES (ALLIUM SCHOENOPRASUM), HERBS CHIVES, HINDI: प्याज़, HISTORY OF CHIVES, HYDROPONIC CHIVES, HYPOCHOLESTEROLEMIC, LOKIO, MAURLOKI, METÉLŐHAGYMA, ONION CHIVES, PAŽITKA, PICKING CHIVES, PICTURE OF CHIVES, PLANT CHIVES, PLANTING CHIVES, PLANTING GARLIC CHIVES, PRESERVING CHIVES, PRUNING CHIVES, RECIPES FOR CHIVES, RECIPES WITH CHIVES, REPLACEMENT FOR CHIVES, SCHNITTLAUCH, SNIPPED CHIVES, STORING CHIVES, SUBSTITUTE CHIVES, SUBSTITUTE FOR CHIVES, SUBSTITUTION FOR CHIVES, SUBUYAS TAGALOG, SZCZYPIOREK, THE CHIVES, TYPES OF CHIVES, USES FOR CHIVES, USES OF CHIVES, ΠΡΑΣΟΥΛΊΔΑ, ДИВ ЛУК, ЗЕЛЕНЫЙ ЛУК, ЦИБУЛЯ-РІЗАНЕЦЬ, الثوم المعمر, สมุนไพรไชว์ส, チャイブ, 细香葱