Jojoba oil


The Sonora desert gets its name from the Sonora state in Mexico. It covers a considerable extension of land, as well as in parts of southeastern California, southern Arizona and a big part of Baja California.

Sonora desert has a extension of more than 100,000 square miles and as in other deserts, the arid climate makes almost impossible to have plants growing there.

Except for some of them, some species that are considered to be suitable for desert climates as Simmondsia chinensis, the plant from which Jojoba oil is extracted. Image: Simmondsia chinensis by Bri Weldon under Creative Common license (CC BY 2.0). 


Family: Simmondsiaceae

Genus: Simmondsia

Common name: Jojoba, Goatnut, deer nut, pignut, wild hazel, quinine nut, coffee berry, and gray box bush [3,13]


Raspberry leaf tea



Raspberry, an edible fruit from the Rubus genus, is known to posses many health benefits, it is a powerful antioxidant properties, has antiproliferative activity against cancer in vitro [1], increases fertility, suppress induced hepatic lesions (in rats), reduces weight via raspberry leaf ketones, helps pregnant women during labor, this last due to certain uterine relaxant effects [5,38,39].

Some of its phytochemicals are even used as the source of aromatic compounds used by the industry in many commercial products...etc., but what scientific and medical evidence is behind all these claimed benefits? 

In this article we try to document the evidence behind the claimed properties of raspberry tea and raspberry leaf. Image: See credits below under reference [44].


Family: Rosaceae

Genus: Rubus

Common name: Red raspberry


Health benefits of Ginkgo biloba



Ginkgo biloba is already known for being one of the most resistant tree species that ever existed on earth, being the living specie left from the ginkgoales, a group from which only fossils are left.

Ginkgo biloba belongs to a group of trees, the ginkgoales, with an existence on earth dated more than 200 million years ago. Ginkgo biloba has resisted over the years to pests of insects, viruses, bacteria, fungi and many others without perishing, being able to live as long as 1,000 years, but how? Image: See credits below under reference [17]. 


Family: Ginkgoaceae

Genus: Ginkgo

Common name: Ginkgo biloba, 銀杏, イチョウ, pinyin, yín xìng, Hepburn, ichō or ginnan, Maidenhair Tree, Ginkgo biloba in Hindi is known as जिन्कगो biloba.


Health benefits of garlic



Garlic (Allium sativum), a plant native to central Asia, has been used since thousands of years ago for culinary and as medicinal purposes, being part of ancient natural remedies for the treatment of some of the most common ailments and illnesses, as well as for some of its health benefits and properties, among which we can mention being a natural expectorant and an anti-microbial agent

Sumerians, Chinese, ancient Indians, Egyptians, Romans, Greeks, Tibetans, Slavic, Arabic and the list goes on and on naming hundreds of cultures that used garlic not only for its known culinary properties but for its health benefits and as a well-trusted universal folk remedy for the treatment of various illnesses and ailments. Some cultures still know garlic as ‘Russian penicillin’, ‘natural antibiotic’, ‘vegetable viagra’, ‘plant talisman’, ‘rustic's theriac’ and ‘snake grass’ [5,6]. Image: Garlic by Mo Riza under Creative Common license (CC BY 2.0). 


Family: Amaryllidaceae

Genus: Allium

Common name: Garlic


Fenugreek or Methi


Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum), known as methi in Marathi, Punjabi, Hindi, Urdu and Nepali [16], is an annual plant from the same family as the lentils, beans, peas and peanuts, the Fabaceae. In spite it is well known in America and Europe, it is a common ingredient in many Indian dishes, as Methi Malae Mater a rich Indian vegetable dish.

But the uses and health benefits of Fenugreek are not limited to its culinary use, Fenugreek has traditionally been used as a source of galactogogues, a substance that increases the production of milk promoting lactation in human and animals, being traditionally used as a natural way to increase breast milk production in postpartum mothers. Image: See credits below [16].


Family: Fabaceae

Genus: Trigonella

Common name: Fenugreek, Methi