Jatropha gossypiifolia, widely known as "bellyache bush, black physicnut or cotton-leaf physicnut" [1,5], is an erect perennial shrub and multi-purpose medicinal plant largely used throughout Africa and America. The name “Jatropha” is derived from the Greek words “jatros,” which means “doctor” and “trophe,” meaning “food,” which is associated with its medicinal uses [1,3].
Jatropha gossypiifolia belongs to the Eurphorbiaceae family, which members are commonly known as spurges . This family is one of the largest Angiosperms families with more than 7,800 species, distributed in 300 genera  from which most spurges are herbs but that it also have shrubs or trees in the tropics . Castor oil plant (Ricinus communis) is a remarkable example of these family, being easily confused with Jatropha sometimes, in spite Castor oil plant is slightly taller. Image: See credits under ref.  below.
Common name: Bellyache bush, black physicnut or cotton-leaf physicnut
Not so long ago we published an article about Broccoli and how one of the active constituents found in Broccoli, namely diindolylmethane (DIM), exerted anti-cancer properties that were, to say the least, quite promising. DIM is a compound that is produced naturally during the digestion of indole-3-carbinol, a molecule found in Broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables of its family, the Brassicaceae or Cruciferae. Image: See credits under ref.  below.
Common name: Broccoli
GINKGO BILOBA STUDY
Many have been the properties and health benefits of Ginkgo biloba that have attracted the attention of most of us in the past years. Ginkgo biloba, a tree known for being among the most resistant tree species that ever existed on earth, has been claimed to be able to inhibit the progression of human colon cancer cells , being effective also in the treatment of dementia , and as a pilot study suggested in 2005 even improve cognition in patients of multiple sclerosis (MS), more exactly the study suggested ginkgo biloba improved attention in patients of multiple sclerosis .
These raise among multiple sclerosis patients the common believe that Ginkgo biloba would eventually help them to improve cognitive problems associated with the disease. This has been just turn down by a study published in the journal of Neurology , according to which Ginkgo biloba does not improve cognitive performance in patients suffering multiple sclerosis. Image: Ginkgo biloba by ginkgogz under Creative Commons License (CC BY 2.0).
Common name: Ginkgo biloba, 銀杏, イチョウ, pinyin, yín xìng, Hepburn, ichō or ginnan, Maidenhair Tree
HERBS FOR HOT FLASHES ON JAPANESE TRADITIONAL MEDICINE KAMPO
If we compare traditional Japanese medicine with traditional Chinese medicine, we will notice that the first one opts for a more simplistic approach when treating patients with traditional herbal remedies.
Traditional Japanese medicine Kampo bases the treatment and healing of affections based on the symptoms of those affections. If we compare traditional Japanese medicine with traditional Chinese medicine, we will notice that the first one opts for a more simplistic approach when treating patients with traditional herbal remedies.
Traditional Japanese medicine Kampo bases the treatment and healing of affections based on the symptoms of those affections.
HEALTH BENEFITS OF FLAVONOIDS
Flavonoids are polyphenol antioxidants that can be found in plants, herbs and other aliments. They have been documented as cancer preventive agents and are very useful active constituents of herbs and plants responsible for many of the beneficial properties exerted by those ones, as for example their anti-aging effect (Ginkgo biloba, Calendula...etc.) and their free radical scavenging action (antioxidant), preventing cancer occurrence...etc.
Flavonoids exert antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic properties, being also able to decrease capillary fragility . Now a study by Susan Steck of the Arnol School of Public Health shows that they can also have an even more important function as Flavonoids may lower the risk of highly aggressive prostate cancer occurrence. Image: Fruit at North Market in Columbus, OH. by Lisa Sinclair under Creative Commons License (CC BY-SA 2.0).