What is organic farming?

ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT

BIO PRODUCTS

The origin of the term organic farming dates back to 1939, when Lord Northbourne first used it in his book Look to the Land, published in 1940, where he described a holistic, ecologically balanced approach to farming, contrary to the already emerging artificial farming [1] that relied in non-natural chemicals that would artificially promote plant growth and rapidly increase farmers benefits.

In order to be consider organic, foods need to be free of artificial food additives, chemicals, pesticides and the like. It goes without saying that Genetically Modified Organisms fall out of the scope of organic food description.

 

Health benefits of Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)

CHIVES

Chives (Allium schoenoprasum) is the smallest herb of the Allium genus. This genus includes other well-known herbs as garlic (Allium sativum) and onions (Allium cepa) among many others. The name Chives derives from the Latin name for onion, cepa [10].

As part of the "Fines herbes" the benefits exerted by this herb are incredible, let's see some of them. Image: See credits under ref. [14] below.


ALLIUM SCHOENOPRASUM

Family: Amaryllidaceae

Genus: Allium

Common name: Chives, wild chives. Chives in Hindi is known as Chives in Hindi is known as प्याज़


 

Jatropha gossypiifolia

POISONOUS PLANTS

JATROPHA

Jatropha gossypiifolia, widely known as "bellyache bush, black physicnut or cotton-leaf physicnut" [1,5], is an erect perennial shrub and multi-purpose medicinal plant largely used throughout Africa and America. The name “Jatropha” is derived from the Greek words “jatros,” which means “doctor” and “trophe,” meaning “food,” which is associated with its medicinal uses [1,3].

Jatropha gossypiifolia belongs to the Eurphorbiaceae family, which members are commonly known as spurges [5]. This family is one of the largest Angiosperms families with more than 7,800 species, distributed in 300 genera [1] from which most spurges are herbs but that it also have shrubs or trees in the tropics [2]. Castor oil plant (Ricinus communis) is a remarkable example of these family, being easily confused with Jatropha sometimes, in spite Castor oil plant is slightly taller. Image: See credits under ref. [7] below. 


JATROPHA GOSSYPIIFOLIA

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Genus: Jatropha

Common name: Bellyache bush, black physicnut or cotton-leaf physicnut


 

Health benefits of green tea

GREEN TEA POLYPHENOL EGCG CAN HELP TO FIGHT AUTOINMUNE DISEASE

GREEN TEA PLANTATION

Camelia sinensis plant leaves (Tea), have been cultivated, harvested and used since thousands of years ago. Out of the six main varieties of tea (white, yellow, green, Oolong, black and post-fermented teas, only four of them are massively used white, green, Oolong and black [1], and only one, green tea, is rich in the polyphenol EGCG, the most active polyphenol found in Green Tea and capable to increase the number of regulatory T cells, something which may be very useful to fight certain affections as the autoimmune disease. Image: Tea plantation by sarahemcc under Creative Commons License (CC BY 2.0).


CAMELIA SINENSIS

Family: Teaceae

Genus: Camelia

Common name: Green tea


 

Ganoderma tsugae

HEALTH BENEFITS OF GANODERMA MUSHROOM

GANODERMA TSUGAE

Ganoderma tsugae is a medicinal fungus with several biological activities [5] known as Hemlock varnish shelf mushroom [2,4], Lingzhi or Reishi [6], that usually grows in conifers, mainly in hemlocks [2], where its common name comes from.

It has been used as a folk remedy for the promotion of health and longevity in China and other oriental countries [5] and has recently been in the scope of scientists and researchers for its multiple medicinal properties and a source of active constituents that exert anti-angiogenic (avoids the growth of blood vessels) effects [1], something that can be used as a potential source for new anti-cancer medicines. Image: Ganoderma tsugae by Jason Hollinger under Creative Commons license (CC BY 2.0) 


GANODERMA TSUGAE

Family: Ganodermataceae

Genus: Ganoderma

Common name: Hemlok varnish shelf mushroom, Sung-shan-ling-chih, Songshan lingzhi, Lingzhi, Reishi